श्रीमती इंदिरा गांधी

Indira – Programme on Indira Gandhi

Interviewer:
This is the rather distressing part. They don’t understand that tagging on to one’s parent is not necessarily, because the way, I mean, one of the distressing things is the way that old people are thrown in the dust heap in England and we couldn’t possibly think of doing that here. I mean there is no inconsistency.
I mean, don’t you think so?

Indira Gandhi:
Well, I think so, but I think the industrial society is changing people’s character as well.

Interviewer:
That is awful when old people have to depend on strangers to take them to places and their own flesh and blood are leading independent lives. I am making the point only because Lasky quarrelled with you, Madam.
Paul Robeson, when did you come to…?

Indira Gandhi:
I don’t remember the year, but I think it was just about that time when after my mother died, must have been 35 or so.

Interviewer:
I seem to have read that he was not allowed admission either at Harvard or Boston because he was black?
G: That may be, I don’t know.

Interviewer:
I, I read it somewhere.Indira Gandhi:
But I know that he never spoke of it but his wife did, of this constantly being humiliated. You know being asked to a dinner because he was famous and he had such a wonderful voice and yet being made...

Interviewer:
made to feel…

Indira Gandhi:
feel that, you know, he wasn’t, he was a black.

Interviewer:
 Well, I felt that myself when I could not get a flat in London that was in 1950s. I thought I should tell them every time, look I am an Indian, so might as well tell me whether the flat is taken or not? And Ernest Stroller you met him at the time that you were studying?

Indira Gandhi:
Yes!

Interviewer:
Did you meet le Pasionaria of…
Indira Gandhi:
Yes, I did. This was in Paris. There was a conference on Spain, but it was an official type. There was, I can’t remember who, some Lord, who was presiding over it and they didn’t think that Pasionaria should come and speak to us and we felt, I wasn’t a delegate at all, I was just a visitor, I think. My father was. But we, the younger people, felt very strongly that, well, here was a person straight from Spain and she had become almost a symbol of Spanish resistance. So when they didn’t allow her in the main conference, so we said, we’ll have a separate and we had a most magnificent meeting in a huge shed.

Interviewer:
Can I take this back again?  You know of this failure of youths idealism in the International Brigade in Spain. This was really heart-breaking at that time. That was when they decided not to fight for Empire, was it not?  At Oxford, I mean, they passed resolutions that resolved that this House will not fight for King and Empire, or something like that?

Indira Gandhi:
Well, I, I some such resolution was passed but, I don’t quite remember the dates.
Interviewer:
But…
Indira Gandhi:
Well, the International Brigade didn’t fail largely because they were disorganised and they were voluntary as a body whereas the other was very well organised.

Interviewer:
But I seem to remember a picture of your father and Krishna Menon actually on almost the front line.Indira Gandhi:
Yes, they had. I couldn’t go because I had to do an exam just at that time.

Interviewer:
It’s awful having to do examinations. But, then, you went to jail…

Indira Gandhi:
After my return, in 1942.

Clip: 4/16
Duration : 3 mins 40 sec

संकेतशब्द: अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय मुद्‍दे,आर्थिक मुद्‍दे,उद्ग‍ार,जीवनवृत्त,राजनैतिक मुद्‍दे,व्‍यक्‍ति, स्‍थान एवं वस्‍....
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श्रीमती इंदिरा गांधी

पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू की इकलौती संतान इंदिरा गांधी स्‍वाधीनता आंदोलन के हलचल भरे दिनों में पली-बढ़ीं। राजनीतिक उथल-पुथल के बीच उनकी पढ़ाई कई बार बाधित हुई। इंदिरा गांधी पर अपने पिता का गहरा प्रभाव था और पिता उन पर बहुत भरोसा करते थे। कांग्रेस पार्टी में एक कार्यकर्ता की भूमिका से आगे बढ़ते हुए वे अनेक ज़िम्‍मेदारियों में रहीं और आख़िरकार पार्टी की प्रमुख नेता बनीं। बैंकों का राष्‍ट्रीयकरण और तत्‍कालीन रजवाड़ों के विशेषाधिकारों को समाप्‍त करते हुए वे एक लोकप्रिय नेता के बतौर उभरीं। हरित क्रांति और शांतिपूर्ण परमाणु परीक्षण के साथ-साथ अंतरिक्ष में एक भारतीय उपग्रह की सफल स्‍थापना के बाद उनकी लोकप्रियता बढ़ती गयी। बंगलादेश की स्‍वतंत्रता के समय वे बड़ी कठोरता से पेश आयीं। उनके कठोर आलोचक तक यह मानते हैं कि वे भारत को बहुत प्‍यार करती थीं और राष्‍ट्रीय हितों के साथ समझौता नहीं कर सकती थीं। राष्‍ट्र की एकता और अखंडता की रक्षा करते हुए वे शहीद हुईं।


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इंदिरा - इंदिरा प्रियदर्शिनी
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जीवन-वृत्त
1917, November 19
Indira Priyadarshini was born at Anand Bhawan (Abode of Happiness), in Allahabad.
1920 to 1921
Mahatma Gandhi came to Anand Bhawan, Allahabad for the first time when Indira was about three years old.
1922, January
Stayed at Mahatma Gandhi’s Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmedabad.